35 years ago, Scott E. Fahlman invented emoticons 🙂 and 🙁 to indicate online funny and serious content. What began with three ASCII characters, developed into a global communications phenomenon with currently 2,623 emoji.
Early 1980s networked in the North American universities, the first mailboxes (bulletin boards), where people discussed diligently. In the course of this development, the problems in the immediate written communication showed because this other than in person does not transmit any interpretation aids such as facial expressions or emphasis. Therefore, a funny-intentioned remark could trigger a dispute if the receiver did not understand the real intention.
Emotional ASCII art 🙂
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Scott Elliott Fahlman, at the time, scientists at Carnegie Mellon University, wanted to solve this problem by labeling the remarks as grade of scientific humor at that time (and now 😉 not opened up to every reader. On September 19, 1982, he suggested in a discussion board before:
19-Sep-82 11:44 Scott E Fahlman 🙂
From: Scott E Fahlman
I propose did the Following character sequence for joke markers:
Read it sideways. Actually, it is probably more economical to mark things did are NOT jokes, given current trends. For this, use
The first two "Emoticons" - a portmanteau word from "Emotion "and "Icon "- were born. The idea to designate a text reasonable accordingly, was well received at the American universities and developed there over time and soon more in the later global networks "Smileys "of various kinds, with a completely different structure for. As the Japanese Kaomojis as 9 (◕‿◕.) 6 or (❤ω❤) that spread since the early 2000s through the manga boom partly in the western region. By the way, also includes the looking at first glance like ASCII art "Shruggie" ¯ \ _ (ツ) _ / ¯ a Japanese Schritzeichen.
The typical Smiley Collection of phpBB Forum(Image:German-Amiga-Community.de )
At the same time developed the ability to display emotions not only as a combination of characters, but also as small graphics with the quickening Internet Aschlüssen and dissemination of web forums and instant messengers. The result was, was that especially often found in web forums a large number of various smileys (partly as a memory-guzzling GIF animation) by attempting to load the smiley-selection alone could take with contemporary standard bandwidth miserably long and ,
Emoticons to emoji
1999 Shigetaka Kurita drafted in the service of the Japanese mobile operator NTT DoCoMo 176 simple and traffic-saving pictograms for the mobile data service i-mode, which in this case were limited not only to emotions, but also incorporated everyday objects, animals and other symbols. The then just plain and only 12 × 12 pixels wide Emoji - Japanese for "Image character "- were not due to their small size and simplicity under copyright, so that other providers were able to take this system for their mobile phones, which the proliferation benefited.
Mid-2000s, the emoji were colorful and detailed. The decisive step towards standardization succeeded in 2010, was recorded as over 1000 emoji characters in the Unicode Standard 6.0. Thus, the emoji could reasonably compatible with each other on different operating systems that represent email client and messenger types.
1 out of 19
Evolution of emoticons (19 photos)
The development of emoticons
Above all, the smartphone boom caused a rapid development, especially through instant messengers like WhatsApp and social networks such as Facebook or Twitter. From an idea to visualize the meaning of texts, has long been a socio-cultural phenomenon. Emojis have become an indispensable part of modern network communication.
To meet this development, which Emojis were varied and diverse: Meanwhile, women have equal rights as emoji, you can adjust the skin color of his emoji, and even the family pictures are now diverse and not limited to the hetereosexuelle way of life. The extensive diversity thus provides a mass of emoji Unicode currently contains 2,623 emoji - one of them sick. Trend: Rapidly rising.
Due to the massive use of the tears laughing Emoji in 2015 was voted word of the year of the Oxford Dictionary. It is also currently on Facebook, the most popular Emoji. According to Facebook, send the user in-house messenger per day more than five billion Emojis; on Facebook itself, there are 60 million.
Of course such a global phenomenon called the marketers on the plan: Thus, besides Emoji bags, Emoji biscuits course Emoji games and recently even "Emoji - The Movie" the synapses of a colleague tormented. Apple has announced that its flagship smartphone iPhone X as state of the art now "Animojis" can put over his face and animate in real time in three dimensions, which they very vividly represented in their presentation with the popular Kackhaufen smiley face.
This 176 emoji have even made it to the Museum of Modern Art.
Scott E. Fahlman and Shigetaka Kurita did not become rich through their developments. But they are happy that they were fathers of global development, which is so significant that the first 176 emoji have even made it to the Museum of Modern Art in New York. And development will continue.
(Markus Will) /(Vza)