Researchers at the Oxford Internet Institute have three years investigating new forms of online job working as Crowd- and click Working. The final report by many digital day laborers feel exploited.
Opportunities and risks online distributed commissioned as part of the so-called Gig Economy illuminates a recently published study by the Oxford Internet Institute. Crowd- and click Working on platforms like Amazon "Mechanical Turk", LiveOps or InnoCentive is an increasing acquisition factor, especially for online workers in emerging countries are therefore become. This could draw upstart self benefits as "potentially higher income and an enlarged working autonomy", According to the final report of a three-year research project. But the downside, risks against such "social isolation, a lack of work-life balance, discrimination and predatory intermediaries",
A glimpse, no more
The scientists interviewed for the study 456 Crowd Worker mainly from Southeast Asia and the southern African countries online and conducted 152 additional interviews. They also have anonymous data from "one of the largest platforms for commission" evaluates to gain insights into the brave new world of work, the hour in which tasks or daily forgive and performance is monitored, among others, with special algorithms.
The results were "not necessarily representative" for the included states, but significant, the researchers write. There are demarcation problems between different collaborators in the Gig Economy, also you have to reach only workers with public profiles.
68 percent of respondents said that working Click making an important contribution to their household income. Some indicate that they first set due to the paid wages cash reserves on its side or a private health insurance could afford. 53 percent said that their jobs would have included complex tasks. Often was heard that it was important to them to be able to choose the work more or less freely.
Far too many willing to work
but the number of those willing to work exceeds that of the actually relevant platforms mediated Crowd Worker far. The researchers made worldwide in April than 1.7 million search profiles. In contrast, they found on these only about 200,000 evidence that the underlying or related persons had been booked at least for an hour had earned at least one dollar. The oversupply of job seekers was huge, the uncertainty high. 43 percent of participants had so also indicated that they felt easily replaced.
A myth, it is, according to the analysis that qualified people in Nairobi have the same access to potential customers on the platforms as their competitors in New York. Virtually complained many of the respondents said that they were discriminated against because of their ethnicity. Part mediation condition loud about that only workers from the United States would be allowed. Potential Clickworkers from emerging markets also earned disproportionately little just at the start of their online career. A statistical evidence of discrimination but can not be derived from the questionnaires.
Little opportunity for solidarity
74 percent of respondents complained according to researchers forms of social isolation because they never or rarely communicated either with other like-minded people face to face. This Reduce the ability to unite and fight together for interests such as higher wages. 94 percent were not in a union. 55 percent said that they did their jobs screen at a frenetic pace, 22 percent complained of pain there. Only 15 percent said that they would not set tight deadlines. The working hours often would be around 70 or 80 hours a week for an average of $ 3.50 per hour.
Ten percent of respondents did not know by his own admission, who was actually her client. Overall, the working conditions were opaque. 32 percent had no idea if their income would be taxed. 34 percent hinted that they paid no taxes. In addition, apparently new, little considerate middlemen assert themselves in the processes. Maya about a 26-year-old student from Malaysia, reported a client who managed to get a job for $ 75 and this you have passed on for 7.50 US dollars.
As the largest sales countries in the Gig Economy make the scientists India, the USA, the Philippines and Ukraine made before countries such as Pakistan, Bangladesh, Russia or China. In Europe, Poland and the UK are the most numerous. The researchers raise many questions with the aim of improving the click work. These include considering introducing certification of the platforms in the form of a "fair Work"-Programms and to provide a common voice online the crowd workers. In the room, the authors also whether governments should regulate the fledgling sector stronger.(Stefan Krempl) /(Mho)